General Surgery

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General Surgery

General surgery, refers to a broad spectrum of surgical procedures with regard to the diagnosis and treatment of injuries and diseases. Its interest includes the skin, breasts, abdomen, peripheral vasculature, and head and neck.

General Surgeons are healthcare professionals responsible for carrying out these surgical procedures and they are also involved in the process of diagnosis and operative care before, during and after the surgery.

Types of General Surgery

Many surgical approaches may be used depending on the surgery type:

1. Open surgery:

An "open" surgery is the skin and tissues removal to provide the surgeon complete access to the structures or organs. Open surgery entails the organs removal.

2. Minimally invasive surgery:

Minimally invasive surgery means any surgical approach that does not need a major incision. This helps the patient to recover faster and with less discomfort. Depending on the diagnosis, both open and minimally invasive surgery can use the alternative procedures:

  • Laser surgery
  • Electrosurgery

HIMAS Hospital, which is a centre of excellence for various surgical procedures.

Gallbladder surgery

Gallbladder surgery is often recommended as the best treatment for pain associated with gallstones — hardened deposits that form from bile, the liquid stored in the gallbladder that aids in digestion.

Your surgeon uses open or laparoscopic surgery to remove the gallbladder.With open surgery, your surgeon will operate through one large incision. During laparoscopic surgery, your surgeon will operate through a few small incisions. Laparoscopic surgery can lead to the patient faster recovery, less pain and small scars.

Who needs gallbladder surgery?

People who have gallstones may need gallbladder surgery. Gallstones are small, pebble-like deposits that build up in gallbladder.

Some individualsdon’t feel gallstones or know they have them.

Sometimes, gallstones block the bile flow and affect your pancreas or gallbladder. You may have:
  • Abdominal pain, (in the upper right part of your belly).
  • Jaundice
  • Nausea and vomiting.

What are the side effects of gallbladder surgery?

After gallbladder surgery, you may have temporary side effects. They include:

  • Bloating, diarrhoea, gas.
  • Bruising.
  • Fatigue.
  • Mood swings.
  • Nausea.
  • Shoulders pain or abdomen from the gas used to inflate your abdomen.