Urology deals with the treatment involving the male and female urinary tract conditions and the male reproductive organs.

Urologists is an individual specializing in the field of urology. Others specialize in a particular type of urology:

  • female urology, focuses on conditions of a woman’s reproductive and urinary tract
  • male infertility, focuses on issues that prevent a man from conceiving a baby
  • neurourology, focuses on urinary problems
  • pediatric urology, focuses on urinary problems in children
  • urologic oncology, focuses on urinary system cancers

When to see a Urologists?

You need to see a urologists if:

  • blood in your urine
  • urgent need to urinate
  • pain in your lower back, pelvis, or sides
  • pain or burning during urination
  • trouble urinating
  • urine leakage
  • weak urine flow, dribbling

You should also meet a urologist if you’re a man and you’re experiencing:

  • a decreased sexual desire
  • a lump in the testicle
  • trouble getting or keeping an erection

What does a Urologists treat?

Urologists treat a wide variety of diseases that affect the urinary system and male reproductive system.

In men, urologists treat:

  • bladder cancer, kidneys, penis, testicles, and adrenal and prostate glands
  • prostate gland enlargement
  • erectile dysfunction
  • infertility
  • interstitial cystitis
  • kidney diseases
  • kidney stones
  • prostatitis
  • urinary tract infections
  • varicoceles

In women, urologists treat:

  • bladder prolapse
  • cancers of the bladder, kidneys, and adrenal glands
  • interstitial cystitis
  • kidney stones
  • overactive bladder
  • UTIs
  • urinary incontinence

In children, urologists treat:

  • bed-wetting
  • blockages and other problems with the urinary tract structure
  • undescended testicles

Tests and Procedures

Urologists can also do all tests and procedures. Some of these they'll perform in their office and some are major surgeries done in a hospital.

Some of the procedures include:

  • Cystoscopy. This is a close-up look at bladder and urethra.
  • Ureteroscopy. Similar to cystoscopy, it's a look inside ureters and kidneys.
  • Prostate biopsy. This removes a tiny tissue sample from your prostate to test for cancer in a lab.
  • Nephrectomy. This is surgery to remove a kidney for treating cancer.
  • Vasectomy. The urologist cuts the tubes that carry sperm.