Vascular surgery

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Vascular surgery

Vascular surgery focuses on the vascular system such as blood vessels, large and small — as well as the lymphatic system, which moves infection-fighting white blood cells through the body.

Vascular surgeons are medical doctors or doctors of osteopathic medicine with advanced training in preventing, diagnosing, and treating blood-vessel problems.

What do Vascular Surgeons treat?

Common conditions a vascular surgeon treats:

  • Aneurysm: An aneurysm is a bulge or artery widening.
  • Carotid artery disease: Carotid artery disease occurs when there is atherosclerosis the buildup of waxy plaque made of fat, cholesterol, and other substances in the carotid arteries.
  • Lymphedema: Lymphedema is a condition in which lymph fluid builds up in the soft tissues of the arms, legs.
  • Peripheral arterial disease (PAD): Peripheral arterial disease — also known as peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is when there is atherosclerosis in the arteries anywhere outside of the heart and brain.
  • Venous insufficiency: Venous insufficiency is when the veins are not able to keep blood flowing back to the lungs and heart.

Vascular Procedures and Surgeries

Vascular surgeons perform a variety of surgical procedures. Some are peformedas traditional “open” surgeries with incisions, others can be done endovascularly a minimally invasive approach that uses tiny incisions and thin, flexible catheters. Vascular surgery procedures include:

  • Carotid endarterectomy:Prevent strokes, this surgery is used to remove atherosclerosis or open a carotid artery.
  • Dialysis access: There are many ways to access a blood vessel for patients who require dialysis treatment for kidneyskailure.
  • Repair and treatment of aneurysms and dissections: Both traditional “open” surgeries and minimally invasive endovascular procedures are used to repair and treat aneurysms and dissections in blood vessels.
  • Angioplasty: A minimally invasive procedure in which a device, such as a balloon or stent, is used to open a blocked artery and restore flow of blood.
  • Stenting: This is used to widen and hold open blocked arteries such as the coronary arteries — stents are tiny devices implanted in the affected artery by a vascular surgeon using a minimally invasive surgical procedure.
  • Catheter-directed thrombolytic therapy: This non-surgical treatment helps to dissolve clots of blood.
  • Vascular bypass:This will surgically reroute blood vessels so that blood will flow unobstructed around a blockage.

HIMAS Hospital is known for providing exceptional care and expertise in Vascular Surgery.